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Tag: strange paper

The science of winning Rugby World Cups

Apparently, it’s pretty simple- you need big players who have played for a while.

Paper (link to first page pdf)

How they won Rugby World Cup through height, mass and collective experience. Adrien Sedeaud, Andy Marc, Julien Schipman, Muriel Tafflet, Jean-Philippe Hager, Jean-François Toussaint. Br J Sports Med doi:10.1136/bjsports-2011-090506

Abstract
Objectives To investigate the evolution of anthropometric characteristics in World Cup rugby players and identify elements associated with performance.

Design Age, weight and height were collected for 2692 World Cup rugby players as well as rankings in each World Cup, and collective experience of winners, finalists, semifinalists and quarter finalists in comparison to the rest of the competitors. Anthropometric parameters were compared according to age and position (back and forwards).

Results From 1987 to 2007, forwards and backs have become heavier by 6.63 and 6.68 kg and taller by 0.61 and 1.09 cm, respectively. The collective experience of the forwards’ pack is a value increasing with the final ranking attained, as well as the weight of forwards and the height of backs.

Conclusions For all Rugby World Cups, the highest performing teams have the tallest backs and heaviest forwards with the highest percentage of collective experience.

Via io9.

Epidemiology of traumatic head injury in Asterix and Obelix comics.

Title:
Traumatic brain injuries in illustrated literature: experience from a series of over 700 head injuries in the Asterix comic books (pdf of first page)

Reference:
Marcel A. Kamp, Philipp Slotty, Sevgi Sarikaya-Seiwert, Hans-Jakob Steiger and Daniel Hänggi. ACTA NEUROCHIRURGICA. Volume 153, Number 6, 1351-1355, DOI: 10.1007/s00701-011-0993-6

Abstract:
Background
The goal of the present study was to analyze the epidemiology and specific risk factors of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in the Asterix illustrated comic books. Among the illustrated literature, TBI is a predominating injury pattern.

Methods
A retrospective analysis of TBI in all 34 Asterix comic books was performed by examining the initial neurological status and signs of TBI. Clinical data were correlated to information regarding the trauma mechanism, the sociocultural background of victims and offenders, and the circumstances of the traumata, to identify specific risk factors.

Results
Seven hundred and four TBIs were identified. The majority of persons involved were adult and male. The major cause of trauma was assault (98.8%). Traumata were classified to be severe in over 50% (GCS 3–8). Different neurological deficits and signs of basal skull fractures were identified. Although over half of head-injury victims had a severe initial impairment of consciousness, no case of death or permanent neurological deficit was found. The largest group of head-injured characters was constituted by Romans (63.9%), while Gauls caused nearly 90% of the TBIs. A helmet had been worn by 70.5% of victims but had been lost in the vast majority of cases (87.7%). In 83% of cases, TBIs were caused under the influence of a doping agent called “the magic potion”.

Conclusions
Although over half of patients had an initially severe impairment of consciousness after TBI, no permanent deficit could be found. Roman nationality, hypoglossal paresis, lost helmet, and ingestion of the magic potion were significantly correlated with severe initial impairment of consciousness (p ≤ 0.05).

Sample Data:

Scientific journal format on how to make a baby (with a cute face).

From boingboing.net.

On the subject of MacDonald’s. Some obvious (and useless?) science.

REFERENCE:
Potential Effects of the Next 100 Billion Hamburgers Sold by McDonald’s. (2005) American Journal of Preventive Medicine 28(4) :379-381

ABSTRACT:
Background: McDonald’s has sold more than 100 billion beef-based hamburgers worldwide with a potentially considerable health impact. This paper explores whether there would be any advantages if the next 100 billion burgers were instead plant-based burgers.

Methods: Nutrient composition of the beef hamburger patty and the McVeggie burger patty were obtained from the McDonald’s website; sales data were obtained from the McDonald’s customer service.

Results: Consuming 100 billion McDonald’s beef burgers versus the same company’s McVeggie burgers would provide, approximately, on average, an additional 550 million pounds of saturated fat and 1.2 billion total pounds of fat, as well as 1 billion fewer pounds of fiber, 660 million fewer pounds of protein, and no difference in calories.
Conclusions: These data suggest that the McDonald’s new McVeggie burger represents a less harmful fast-food choice than the beef burger.

Link to pdf of first page.

The Mere Anticipation of an Interaction with a Woman Can Impair Men’s Cognitive Performance.

We needed peer review to tell us this?

(Click on image for pdf of first page)

Pubmed link, via NCBI ROFL.

The “face” of testicular pain.

“A scrotal ultrasound scan of a patient with a painful inflammatory mass surprisingly revealed a face in the image, which looked like a man experiencing painful stimuli.”

Article abstract (with links to full text paper – if you have access) here.

A dynamic explanation of the falling cat problem – I salute the person who wrote the grant for this.

Abstract: It is well known that falling cats usually land on their feet and, moreover, that they can manage to do so even if released from complete rest while upside-down. This phenomenon has given rise to questions of Dynamics as well as Physiology, and these have received attention in the literature of both fields [1-7]. In particular, numerous attempts have been made to discover a relatively simple mechanical system whose motion, when proceeding in accordance with the laws of Dynamics, possesses the salient features of the motion of the falling cat. The present paper constitutes such an attempt. (By T. R. KANE and M. P. SCHE)

(pdf of paper)

Found via Fresh Photons via Guardian.

Microbiological laboratory hazard of bearded men.

Barbeito, MS; Mathews, CT; Taylor, LA (1967). “Microbiological laboratory hazard of bearded men”. Applied microbiology 15 (4): 899–906. PMID 4963447

“An investigation was conducted to evaluate the hypothesis that a bearded man subjects his family and friends to risk of infection if his beard is contaminated by infectious microorganisms while he is working in a microbiological laboratory. Bearded and unbearded men were tested with Serratia marcescens and Bacillus subtilis var. niger.Contact aerosol transmission from a contaminated beard on a mannequin to a suitable host was evaluated with both Newcastle disease virus and Clostridium botulinum toxin, type A. The experiments showed that beards retained microorganisms and toxin despite washing with soap and water. Although washing reduced the amount of virus or toxin,a sufficient amount remained to produce disease upon contact with a suitable host.”

Pdf of first page of article
Link to journal article

Assorted awesome figures below:

Best journal article title ever! (slide)

Link to paper at Nature here.

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